A frenectomy is any procedure in which binding tissue is cut or altered, but most often refers to the oral procedure involving the frenum. The frenum is the piece of soft tissue connecting the lips and gums. If it’s too short, it can interfere with speech, swallowing or other related issues. A frenectomy rectifies the situation.
The maxillary frenectomy involves the labial frenum—the piece of tissue connecting your top lip to your gums and can hinder speech development if it’s too short. It also may be done when the labial frenum is so tight that it is pulling your gums down, causing recession.
The lingual frenectomy involves the lingual frenum—the piece of tissue connecting your tongue to the bottom of your mouth. A short lingual frenum restricts movement of the tongue.
Frenectomies are often performed on infants if they’re having trouble breastfeeding due to a short frenum, also known as being “tongue tied,” which can lead to slow weight gain and development.
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